Global Conveyer Belt: Ocean Current Slowing

June 8 is World Oceans Day, a time to raise awareness about the importance of the oceans to our planet. Ocean currents and broader circulations move vast amounts of water around the world, redistributing heat and energy, and helping regulate the global climate. Wind-driven currents like the cold California Current and the warm Gulf Stream are

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Climate Change on the Golf Course

Father’s Day and the U.S. Open are reminders that golf is a big economic driver. One trade study indicated that golf contributes more than $80 billion a year to the U.S. economy. And while golfers are infamous for playing in less-than-ideal conditions, extremes like heat, drought, and heavy rain that come with climate change are impacting the game

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Drought & Deluge in 2018

In a warming world, a supercharged water cycle ramps up evaporation and precipitation. Warmer air creates higher evaporation rates from the soil, which worsens drought, stresses water supplies, and hampers agriculture. Evaporation of surface waters, such as lakes and oceans, also increases. A warmer atmosphere can hold more water before becoming sa

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New Normal: Temperatures Are Trending Up Across U.S.

Normal temperatures, generally defined to be the 30-year average at a location, are trending up across most of the U.S. Since 1980, the average continental U.S. temperature has risen 1.4°F. In our analysis of normal temperatures in 244 cities across the country, 94 percent have risen, providing more evidence of the long-term warming trend on our

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Heavy Rainfall Trends Across the U.S.

With flooding in parts of the Mississippi Valley and a strong Pacific storm coming into the Northwest, we examined the trend in the number of days each year with heavy precipitation at 244 individual sites in the U.S. This expands our nationwide-averaged heavy precipitation analysis from earlier this year, complementing the 2017 Climate Science

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Climate Indicators

Learn more about the 10 key indicators of a warming climate

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Arctic Sea Ice

Ice has both ecological and economic benefits and its extent could influence weather around the world.

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El Niño

El Niño is a warming of waters in the equatorial Pacific that influences global weather patterns.

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Ocean Acidification

Acidifying oceans can hurt coral reefs and shellfish as well as the people that rely on them for their livelihoods.

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Carbon Dioxide

CO2 is a potent greenhouse gas and plays a vital role in regulating Earth's surface temperature through radiative forcing and the greenhouse effect

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Extreme Heat

Increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme heat can affect health, power usage and more.

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Snow Cover

A shorter snow season increases the amount of sunlight absorbed by the Earth’s surface and can further warm the planet.

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Sea Level Rise

Sea level rise could force millions to leave coastal areas and cost the world trillions of dollars.

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Land Ice

Melting land ice contributes to sea level rise.

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U.S. Wildfires

Wildfires damage forests and release CO2.

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Global Temperature

The global temperature is the clearest measure of how human greenhouse gas emissions are affecting our planet.

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